Fibroids are noncancerous growths that develop either in or on your uterus. These growths can cause pain, heavy periods, and difficulty becoming pregnant. If you know or suspect you may have fibroids, Dr. Smith will help you achieve relief with the latest treatment options for fibroids.
What are fibroids?
Fibroids are abnormal growths that develop in or on a woman’s uterus. These are typically benign or noncancerous tumors. However, they can become quite large and cause severe pain in addition to other symptoms that may affect your quality of life.
There are different types of fibroids and are described by the location of where the growth develops.
• Intramural – The most common type of fibroid and appears within the muscular wall of the uterus. These growths may become large and stretch your womb.
• Subserosal – Subserosal fibroids form on the outside of the uterus which is called the serosa. These growths can become large and make your womb appear bigger on one side.
• Pedunculated – This type of tumor grows from a subserosal fibroid that develops a slender base or stem to support the tumor.
• Submucosal – These fibroids develop in the middle muscle layer of the uterus and are the least common type.
Symptoms will depend on the number of tumors present as their size and location. Often smaller fibroids do not cause symptoms, but common signs and symptoms of fibroids include:
• Heavy bleeding between and during your period
• Pain in the pelvis or lower back
• Increased menstrual cramping
• Increased urge to urinate
• Pain during sexual intercourse
• Menstruation that lasts longer than a week
• Pressure or fullness felt in the lower abdomen
• Difficulty becoming pregnant
Dr. Smith can diagnose fibroids by feeling for any signs of abnormal growths in your uterus during a routine exam. An ultrasound or MRI can help to confirm the diagnosis and show the size and location of the fibroids.
If the fibroids are small, do not cause health concerns, or affect your quality of life treatment may not be necessary. Medications, lifestyle changes, and home remedies can help to relieve some discomfort include:
• Dietary Changes
• Regular exercise
• Stress management
Birth control may also help to control any excessive bleeding during your periods. In severe cases, surgery may be recommended to remove fibroids from your uterus.
For more information on fibroids and our treatment options, contact our office at (301) 459-5744.